Each week we share Head and Neck Cancer News from around the world....

Machine learning improves the diagnosis of patients with head and neck cancers

3611206494?profile=RESIZE_710xResearchers have successfully solved a longstanding problem in the diagnosis of head and neck cancers. The researchers used artificial intelligence to develop a new classification method which identifies the primary origins of cancerous tissue based on chemical DNA changes. The potential for introduction into routine medical practice is currently being tested. Read more here...


HPV vaccinations seem to be creating herd immunity for US men

Oral HPV infection rates are now 37 per cent lower among unvaccinated US men, suggesting the widespread rollout of the HPV vaccine has led to herd immunity.

In the US, vaccinations to protect against the most common types of HPV were first officially recommended for girls in 2006 and for boys in 2011. In addition to causing most cervical cancer, HPV is also linked to some types of mouth and throat cancers.

Despite this, little research has been done on the effects of the vaccine on oral cancers, so Anil Chaturvedi at the National Cancer Institute in the US and his colleagues looked at a nationwide survey on HPV infections in the years following the vaccines’ introduction.

Almost 14,000 adults took part in the survey, conducted from between 2009 and 2016. Over those years, HPV vaccination rates increased from zero to 5.8 per cent in men and from 7.3 per cent to 15.1 per cent in women.

The power of mini organs: Vivian Li at New Scientist Live

During this period, the prevalence of the types of HPV included in the vaccines dropped from 2.7 per cent to 1.6 per cent in men who had not been vaccinated. This represented a 37 per cent drop among the unvaccinated adult men.

This suggested herd immunity was protecting these men, the team wrote. “Herd protection likely arises from increased levels of female HPV vaccination in the US population.”

Read more: https://www.newscientist.com/article/2215760-hpv-vaccinations-seem-to-be-creating-herd-immunity-for-us-men/#ixzz60PubGQeM

You have survived cancer: What comes next?

3611184893?profile=RESIZE_710xAs more patients are successfully treated for cancer, a daunting new challenge awaits: navigating the physical and emotional challenges of being a survivor.

When the treatment ends, the patients’ next journey is just beginning. They are left with new health issues often caused by the treatment itself, such as damage to the heart and other organs, or worsening high blood pressure and diabetes. Studies show many struggle with depression, fatigue and nagging fear that the cancer will return. Sexual function and personal relationships may suffer.

Compounding it all, survivors often feel alone and adrift as they face those challenges. According to a new survey of cancer survivors by the nonprofit National Coalition for Cancer Survivorship, few feel very prepared for the transition to posttreatment, nor informed about how to manage their health going forward.

Read more....

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